Step 1 – Hazards
Identify the hazards within your premises including: sources of igniton, sources of fuel and any oxidising agents other than air.
Step 2 – Who is at risk?
Identify people at risk. You must consider everyone who might be at risk from a fire on your premises, whether they are employees, visitors or members of the public.
You should pay particular attention to people who may be at particular risk such as: people working near to fire hazards, lone workers, children, parents with babies, the elderly, the infirm and people with disabilites, or anyone who may need special help.
Step 3 – Evaluate the level of risk
You should remove or reduce re hazards where possible. The residual risk should be minimised.
You need to look at:
• Means of detecting fire and giving warning
• Fire fighting including first aid and summoning the Fire and Rescue Service
• Escape routes including fire exits, emergency lighting and escape route signs
• Training for your staff
• Information on fire safety for anyone who may need it (eg staff and visitors)
• A management system to make sure that your fire precautions, including your risk assessment, remain effective
Step 4 – Record, plan, instruct, inform and train
• Record the findings from the fire risk assessment, as well as the fire safety measures you have taken and are going to take
• If you haven’t already got one, make an emergency plan, tailored to your premises
• Give staff , and occasionally others, such as hotel guests or volunteer stewards, information
• Provide employees* training about the risks, the actions they should take to prevent fires and how to respond to fire if it occurs. Some, such as fire marshals, will need more training
*This includes full time, part time, temporary and unpaid employees
Step 5 – Review your re-risk assessment to ensure it is up to date
You will need to re-examine your fire-risk assessment if you suspect it is no longer valid, such as after a near miss, or if there is a significant change such as a change of processes, occupants, or the layout of the building.